Fossil fuel or petroleum based plastics take at least 200 years to degrade and cause serious environmental (global warming) and health (cancer) issues every day and will
continue to do so until a practical replacement material can be phased in. Algae biomass is a potential source for producing bioplastics, both using the biomass directly, as well as using it as a feedstock for secondary processes (a contributory component of the plastic bottle). Bioplastics produced from algae have similar characteristics to petroleum-based plastics and thus can be “dropped in” to existing infrastructure and applications (similar to advanced biofuels). Furthermore, algae derived bioplastics can also be biodegradable, which makes them environmentally friendly.